A hugely important point that was raised by participants at the workshop was that it is not enough to state minimum ethical standards for ICTD/ICT4D research but that mechanisms need to be found to make them the new normal.
What systems are in place or should be put into place to support ethical standards in ICTD/ICT4D research?
For commercial organisations and NGOs, what ethical checks are in place?
For researchers at universities, are there ethical approval mechanisms in place? Do members of ethical review panels (ethics committees, Institutional Review Boards, etc.) understand the issues involved? Are they able to provide oversight for activities taking place far away from the institutions in different cultural settings and possibly in different languages?
Once we collectively degree on minimum ethical standards, how might we spread awareness of them across different levels of experience and across disciplines?
Participants specifically asked what formal opportunities for whistle-blowing are/should be put in place?
What sanctions, if any, should or can be applied?
Are there mechanisms of peer oversight?
What is the role of funders in helping the community hold each other to minimum ethical standards?
Who can offer oversight over commercial or NGO research activity?
How might we impact structures and create mechanisms to support ethical research behaviour and ongoing self-critical reflexivity?